Deep dental cleaning, also referred to as root planing or scaling, is a procedure carried out in order to get rid of plaque buildup from teeth. It involves cleaning and removing tartar and callus from areas of the teeth below the gum line. Deep oral cleanings effectively help reduce the spaces between the gums and teeth that are caused due to periodontal diseases.
This type of oral cleaning generally recommended to patients who are suffering from periodontitis or other advanced gum diseases. Dentists can help their patients prevent gum disease from advancing and causing tooth loss through in-depth oral cleanings.
However, deep oral cleanings can sometimes be uncomfortable or result in pain. Therefore, this oral cleaning procedure usually performed with the help of a local anesthetic so patients cannot feel any pain or discomfort during the whole procedure.
Why Do You Need Deep Gum Cleaning?
Deep gum cleaning is important in order to prevent the development of various gum diseases. It usually suggested for patients who exhibit any signs of gum disease, such as:
- Swelling gums
- Bleeding gums
- Bruising around the gums
- Pus in the gums
- Bad smelling breath
Gum diseases usually develop when bacteria stay in a patient’s mouth for extended periods and get into pockets and teeth roots. Moreover, gum diseases that have reached advanced stages typically require complex oral treatments.
Therefore, it generally recommended to get an in-depth oral cleaning after every six months in order to avoid various dental irregularities.
Procedure of Deep Dental Cleaning:
Deep oral cleanings are quite different from regular dental cleanings. During this procedure, the dental hygienist cleans hard-to-reach spots of teeth and removes the bacteria below the gum line. If this bacteria left unchecked, it can result in serious bacterial infections that will require complicated oral treatments.
Here are the steps involved in the in-depth oral cleaning process:
1. Oral Exam
Before the oral hygienist initiates this process, he will thoroughly examine your mouth. During this examination, he will thoroughly examine your gums, teeth, and mouth.
The main purpose of this oral examination is to check for early symptoms of infection, decay, or other oral problems.
After examination, the next step is scaling or root planning. During this step, the dental hygienist removes the plaque buildup around the patient’s gumline and between their teeth with the help of a scalar. If a patient has a lot of tartar buildup in his mouth, this entire process will take relatively longer to complete.
This step helps smooth the tooth’s root and reconnects them with the gums, reducing the size of the gaps between the gums and teeth.
3. Antibacterial Treatment
After the gums and teeth have thoroughly cleaned, the dental hygienist will apply an antibacterial treatment to the affected area to help prevent the advancement of infection or gum diseases.
4. Fluoride Treatment
Lastly, the oral hygienist concludes this in-depth cleaning process by performing fluoride treatment. This treatment significantly helps protect your mouth from plaque buildup for prolonged periods.
During this step, the dental hygienist fits a mouthpiece over the patient’s teeth. Afterward, he will smear a sticky paste on your teeth and leave it for a few seconds. After that, the hygienist will rinse out any excessive fluoride with water.
Once the above steps concluded, the oral hygienist or dentist will conduct the final checkup. Patients usually advised to return to their dentist for regular oral cleanings at least twice a year.
Benefits of Deep Teeth Cleaning
Deep teeth cleaning, also known as scaling and root planing or periodontal cleaning, offers several benefits for your oral health. Here are some of the key benefits:
Treating gum disease: Deep teeth cleaning is an effective treatment for gum disease, which is caused by the buildup of plaque and tartar below the gumline. It helps remove bacteria, tartar, and infected tissue from the gums, reducing inflammation and stopping the progression of gum disease.
Preventing tooth loss: Gum disease is one of the leading causes of tooth loss in adults. By addressing gum disease through deep teeth cleaning. You can help preserve the health of your teeth and prevent them from becoming loose or falling out.
Improving gum health: Deep teeth cleaning helps restore the health of your gums by removing harmful bacteria and toxins. This can lead to a reduction in gum inflammation, tenderness, and bleeding, promoting overall gum health.
Freshening breath: The buildup of plaque and tartar can contribute to bad breath. Deep teeth cleaning removes the bacteria that cause bad breath, resulting in fresher breath and improved oral hygiene.
Enhancing the effectiveness of oral hygiene practices: When plaque and tartar accumulate on the teeth and below the gumline. It becomes more challenging to maintain good oral hygiene. Deep teeth cleaning provides a clean foundation, allowing you to brush and floss more effectively and improve your overall oral hygiene routine.
Preventing systemic health issues: Gum disease has been associated with several systemic health conditions, including heart disease, diabetes, respiratory problems, and adverse pregnancy outcomes. By treating gum disease through deep teeth cleaning, you may lower the risk or severity of these conditions and improve your overall health.
Risks of Deep Teeth Cleaning
While deep teeth cleaning, also known as scaling and root planing or periodontal cleaning, is generally safe and beneficial for oral health.
There are a few risks and considerations to be aware of:
Gum sensitivity: Deep teeth cleaning involves cleaning below the gumline, which can cause temporary gum sensitivity or discomfort. This is usually mild and subsides within a few days. Your dentist or dental hygienist may recommend over-the-counter pain relievers or prescribe a mouth rinse to alleviate any discomfort.
Gum recession: In some cases, deep teeth cleaning can lead to gum recession. Where the gum tissue pulls back from the tooth surface, exposing the tooth roots. Gum recession can make the teeth more sensitive and increase the risk of tooth decay and tooth sensitivity. However, this risk is relatively low when performed by a skilled dental professional.
Tooth sensitivity: Deep teeth cleaning can temporarily increase tooth sensitivity, especially to hot or cold temperatures. This sensitivity typically subsides within a few weeks as the gums heal and the oral tissues adjust.
Infection risk: Although rare, there is a slight risk of infection associated with deep teeth cleaning. This risk is higher in individuals with compromised immune systems or certain medical conditions. Your dental professional will take necessary precautions to minimize the risk of infection. Such as using sterile instruments and maintaining proper hygiene protocols.
Discomfort during the procedure: Deep teeth cleaning involves the use of dental instruments to remove plaque, tartar, and bacteria from below the gumline. Some people may find the procedure uncomfortable or experience mild pain or pressure during the cleaning process. Local anesthesia or numbing agents may be used to minimize any discomfort.
Deep oral cleanings become compulsory when there is a significant amount of bacteria and tartar buildup on the surfaces of an individual’s teeth. If the bacteria are not removed in the initiation, it can lead to periodontal disease and, eventually, tooth loss.
Therefore, if you feel you have plaque-build-up beneath your gum line, consult our oral hygienist in the first instance.
What is Deep Cleaning Teeth?
An in-depth oral cleaning can help prevent gum disease and reduce the likelihood of tooth loss. It can also improve your overall oral health by eliminating harmful bacteria.
This procedure generally carried out by a dental hygienist or an orthodontist. It often recommended for people who are experiencing advanced periodontal disease or who have not undergone regular dental checkups.
Does Deep Cleaning Hurt?
During this deep cleaning procedure, patients might experience some sort of discomfort, pain, or sensitivity. Therefore, dental professionals generally use local anesthesia to numb the affected area, which significantly helps minimize discomfort. However, once the effect of anesthesia goes away, patients may experience some discomfort for a few days.
Are There Any Disadvantages of Deep Cleaning Teeth?
Deep teeth cleaning is a completely safe procedure, but in rare cases, it can result in some oral issues, such as
- Discomfort or pain
- Increased sensitivity
- Gum recession