Why Is Kiwifruit So Expensive, Benefits, Nutrition And It’s History

What Is Kiwifruit?

The kiwifruit, also known as the Chinese gooseberry and more commonly abbreviated to kiwi in North American, British, and continental European English, is the fruit of numerous species of woody vines that belong to the genus Actinidia. The Actinidia deliciosa ‘Hayward’ cultivar group is the most widely grown variety of kiwifruit.[3] is approximately the size of a large hen’s egg, measuring between 5 and 8 centimeters (two and three inches) in length and between 4.5 and 5.5 centimeters (one and three quarters to two and one quarter inches) in diameter. It is light brown in color and has a thin, fuzzy, fibrous, sour, but edible skin. The flesh is pale green or golden in color and has rows of tiny, black seeds that are delicious. The fruit has a silky consistency, and its flavor is sweet and distinctive all on its own.
The center and eastern regions of China are where kiwifruit first appeared.[1] The kiwifruit was first described in written form during the Song dynasty, which ruled China from the 12th century through the 14th century.[4] The cultivation of kiwifruit expanded from China to New Zealand around the beginning of the 20th century, and it was in New Zealand that the first commercial plantings took place.[1] During World War II, British and American forces stationed in New Zealand brought the fruit’s consumption to widespread attention. After the war, the fruit began to be shipped commercially, initially to Great Britain and subsequently, in the 1960s, to California.

History Of Kiwifruit:

The center and eastern regions of China are where kiwifruit first appeared.[1] The kiwifruit was first described in writing during the Song dynasty in China, which reigned from the 12th to the 15th century. The plant was almost never cultivated or bred since it was almost always harvested from its natural habitat and used for medical purposes. At the beginning of the 20th century, kiwifruit cultivation moved from China to New Zealand, which was also the location of the first commercial plantings of the fruit. After gaining a following among British and American personnel stationed in New Zealand during World War II, the fruit was eventually shipped across the ocean, first to Great Britain and then, in the 1960s, to the state of California. In New Zealand throughout the 1940s and 1950s, the development of economically viable cultivars of the fruit, as well as farming practices, shipping, storage, and marketing, led to the fruit’s transformation into an agricultural commodity. Why Is Kiwifruit So Expensive, Benefits, Nutrition And It's History

Benefits Of Kiwi Fruit:

High in Vitamins and Minerals:
Kiwis are rich in vitamin C, which boosts immunity, skin health, and wound healing.
Folate, vitamin B6, vitamin K, and vitamin E are also present.
Kiwis include potassium, which is good for the heart, and copper, which is required for many biological functions.
Rich in Fiber:
Kiwi fruit is high in dietary fiber, which assists digestion, regulates blood sugar, and increases satiety, which can help manage weight.
Antioxidant Values:
Vitamin C, vitamin E, flavonoids, and carotenoids are abundant in kiwi. Antioxidants lower oxidative stress and chronic disease risk.
Heart Health:
Kiwis’ potassium concentration lowers blood pressure, lowering hypertension and cardiovascular disease risk.
Fiber and antioxidants lower cholesterol and prevent arterial atherosclerosis.

Digestive Health:

Kiwis are a natural protein digestor due to actinidin.
Kiwi fiber encourages regular bowel motions and may avoid constipation.
Skin Health:
Kiwi vitamin C promotes collagen formation, which is vital for good skin. It protects skin from UV damage and aging.
Kiwi antioxidants fight free radicals that harm skin.
Immune Support:
Kiwi’s strong vitamin C concentration boosts white blood cell formation and immunological function.
Manage Weight:
The fiber and low calories in kiwi help with weight management by making you feel full and controlling portion size.
Eye Health:
Lutein and zeaxanthin, antioxidants in kiwi, may lessen the incidence of age-related macular degeneration.
Bone Health:
Vitamin K in kiwi helps mineralize and strengthen bones.

Kiwi Nutrition:

  • Calories: 64
  • Carbs: 14 grams
  • Fiber: 3 grams
  • Fat: 0.44 grams
  • Protein: 1 gram
  • Vitamin C: 83% of the Daily Value (DV)
  • Vitamin E: 9% of the DV
  • Vitamin K: 34% of the DV
  • Folate: 7% of the DV
  • Copper: 15% of the DV
  • Potassium: 4% of the DV
  • Magnesium: 4% of the DV
  • Why Is Kiwifruit So Expensive, Benefits, Nutrition And It's History

Why Is Kiwi So Expensive?

Several factors make kiwi fruit pricey. Kiwi fruit is cultivated in New Zealand, Italy, and California due to their climate and soil conditions. Shipping and refrigeration expenses might be considerable when transporting kiwis from these places. Second, pests and diseases may damage kiwi plants, requiring careful monitoring and control with pesticides and other preventative measures. These expenses may raise kiwi cultivation costs. Third, kiwi plants develop slowly and yield little fruit. Kiwi vines may take years to yield fruit, so gardeners must commit time and money before harvesting. Finally, kiwi fruit bruises easily and has a limited shelf life, making it difficult to transport and store. Maintaining fruit quality requires careful handling and storage in temperature- and humidity-controlled facilities. These factors raise the cost of growing and distributing kiwi fruit, which might raise its retail price compared to other widely accessible and easier-to-grow crops.

Can You Eat Kiwi Skin?

Even though it is feasible to consume the skin, some people do not like the fuzzy texture of the skin, thus they choose not to. Researchers have demonstrated that the skin of the kiwi fruit can be safely consumed and is a good source of a wide variety of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. They have also proved that this is a safe practice. The peel of a kiwifruit can be consumed in its entirety because it does not contain any substances that could be hazardous to the body.

Summary

The kiwi, scientifically known as Actinidia deliciosa, is a woody vine that produces fruit that can be eaten. It belongs to the plant family known as Actinidiaceae. Chinese gooseberry and kiwifruit are both names that can be used to refer to the same fruit. The plant is native to the Chinese mainland as well as Taiwan. It is also native to New Zealand and California, where it is produced for commercial uses. The flavor of the fruit can be described as being somewhat acidic, and it can be consumed either raw or cooked according on your preference.
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