What Is Mangifera Indica, Benefits, Side Effect And It’s Nutrition

What Is Mangifera Indica?

The Mangifera indica tree, more often referred to as the mango tree, is a tropical fruit-bearing tree that is a member of the family Anacardiaceae. The mango, the plant’s scrumptious and much-desired fruit, has led to the mango tree’s widespread cultivation in tropical and subtropical locations around the globe, despite the fact that the mango tree is native to South Asia. Mango trees have the potential to attain towering heights, in some instances reaching up to 100 feet (30 meters) in height, and their canopies may be very thick and evergreen, with dark green leaves with a leathery texture.

The flesh of the mango fruit is often described as being both sweet and juicy, however its color and flavor might change depending on the type. Mangoes may be found in a variety of colors, some of which include green, yellow, orange, and even red hues. They are prized not only for their delectable taste but also for the nutritional value they provide, since they contain a substantial quantity of various vitamins, minerals, and free radical fighting compounds. Mangoes are put to use in a wide number of ways in the kitchen, including raw consumption as well as the preparation of beverages, smoothies, chutneys, and sweets. Mangoes are sometimes referred to be the “king of fruits” due to the fact that they can be used in a wide variety of ways and are very popular. This gives them both cultural and economic importance in many of the nations in which they are cultivated.

Who Named Mangifera Indica?

Carolus Linnaeus is credited with being the first scientist to formally describe a species. It is a fruit that comes from the ‘Mangifera’ genus and is of the ‘indica’ species. According to the guidelines for binomial nomenclature that were developed by Carolus Linnaeus, the scientific name for the mango is Mangifera indica Linn.

What Is Mangifera Indica, Benefits, Side Effect And It's Nutrition

Benefits Of Mangifera Indica:

Nutrient-Rich Fruit:

Mangoes are a rich source of essential nutrients, including vitamins A, C, and E, as well as minerals like potassium and folate. They are also packed with antioxidants that help protect the body from free radicals, potentially reducing the risk of chronic diseases.

Boosts Immunity:

The high vitamin C content in mangoes can bolster the immune system, helping the body fight off infections and illnesses.

Digestive Health:

Mangoes contain dietary fiber and enzymes like amylases, which can aid in digestion. Consuming mangoes may help alleviate constipation and promote regular bowel movements.

Skin Health:

Mangoes are often used in skincare products due to their vitamin A and vitamin C content, which can help improve skin health and complexion. They are also used in home remedies for conditions like acne and sunburn.

Eye Health:

The vitamin A content in mangoes is essential for maintaining good vision and may help prevent age-related macular degeneration and other eye disorders.

Alkalizing Properties:

Mangoes have an alkalizing effect on the body, which can help balance pH levels and reduce acidity.

Weight Management:

While mangoes are relatively high in calories, their fiber content can help promote a feeling of fullness, potentially aiding in weight management when consumed in moderation.

Bone Health:

Mangoes contain vitamin K, which plays a role in bone health and may help reduce the risk of osteoporosis.

Asthma Prevention:

Some research suggests that certain compounds in mangoes may help prevent asthma symptoms and improve lung function.

Medicinal Uses:

Various parts of the mango tree, including the leaves, bark, and roots, have been used in traditional medicine for their potential anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties. They are sometimes used to treat ailments like diarrhea, fever, and respiratory issues.

Side Effect Of Mangifera Indica:

Symptoms of Allergies:

Mango allergies are possible. Mild signs of an allergic response include itching, a rash, or swelling; severe symptoms include trouble breathing or, in extreme circumstances, anaphylaxis. Avoid mangoes and visit a doctor if you think you may be allergic to them.

Syndrome of Oral Allergies (OAS):

after eating mangoes or comparable fruits, you may get tingling in your mouth, throat, or lips.

Abdominal Pain:

Some people may get gastrointestinal distress if they eat too many mangoes. This might manifest as diarrhoea, abdominal pain, or abdominal swelling. Mangoes are high in fiber and natural sugars, so eating too many at once may wreak havoc on your digestive system.

The Latex-Fruit Syndrome:

Due to cross-reactivity, people with latex allergies may also be allergic to other fruits like mangoes. People who are sensitive to latex may get an allergic reaction or rash after eating mangoes.

Sap’s Irritation:

Urushiol, found in both mango tree sap and the peel of certain mango cultivars, is known to cause skin irritation. Sensitive people may break out in a rash or dermatitis after coming into contact with its peel or sap.

Nutrition Of Mangifera Indica:

Nutrition value per 100 g

“Fruit Composition”

  • Energy: 60 Kcal
  • Carbohydrates: 14.98 g
  • Protein: 0.82 g
  • Fat: 0.38 g
  • Fiber: 1.6 g

“Vitamins”

  • Vitamin C: 36.4 mg
  • Vitamin E: 1.12 mg
  • Vitamin A: 1082 IU
  • Niacin (vit B3) : 669 µg
  • Pantothenic acid (vit B5): 160 µg
  • Pyridoxine (vit B6): 119 µg
  • Riboflavin (vit B2): 38 µg
  • Thiamin (vit B1): 28 µg
  • Folates: 43 µg
  • Vitamin K: 4.2 µg

“Minerals”

  • Potassium: 68 mg
  • Phosphorus: 14 mg
  • Calcium: 11 mg
  • Magnesium: 10 mg
  • Sodium: 1 mg
  • Copper: 110 µg
  • Iron: 160 µg
  • Manganese: 27 µg
  • Zinc: 90 µg

“Carotenoids”

  • β−Carotene: 445 µg
  • α−Carotene: 17 µg

What Is The History Of Mango Tree?

Mangoes are said to have originated in Southeast Asia, specifically in the region known as the Hindo-Berma Region, which runs from eastern India and southern China to Southeast Asia. This region dates back more than 5,000 years. Mango seeds originated in Asia, but by around the year 300 A.D., they had spread to other regions of the globe, including East Africa, the Middle East, and South America. Spice merchants are credited with being the first people to transport mango plants to the western hemisphere.

What Is Mangifera Indica, Benefits, Side Effect And It's Nutrition

Which Country Is The Mother Of Mangifera Indica?

The Mangifera indica tree, often known as the mango tree, is native to India, and the country is frequently referred to as the “mother” or “homeland” of the mango tree. The mango is said to have originated in the Indian subcontinent, more especially in places that are now included in the countries of India, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. This is the reason for this. The cultivation of mangoes in this region dates back thousands of years; hence, the fruit has a considerable cultural and historical significance.

India is famous around the world for its extensive collection of mango cultivars, each of which has a distinct taste, scent, and set of qualities. Not only has the mango established itself as a fundamental component of Indian culinary traditions, but it has also found its way into markets all over the globe, positioning India as a significant player in the international mango trade.

Which Country Is The Father Of Mangifera Indica?

India is often referred to be the “Father of Mangifera indica” or the “home of the mango.” Both of these names apply to the mango tree. The species Mangifera indica, more frequently referred to as the mango, is thought to have originated in South Asia, more specifically in the area that is now known as India. The cultivation of mangoes in India dates back thousands of years, and the country is home to a large number of indigenous mango types.

India also has a long and rich history of mango farming. Since India is one of the major producers and exporters of mangoes in the world, the mango has a significant cultural and agricultural importance in India. India is also one of the most populous countries in the world. Because of the fruit’s long history in India and its pervasive role in the country’s culture, the term “King of Fruits” is often used to refer to it in India.

Summary

Mangifera indica (MI), more often referred to as mango or aam, is a kind of plant that has been used for medicinal purposes in traditional indigenous and Ayurvedic systems for more than 4000 years. Mangoes are a member of the Anacardiaceae family and belong to the genus Mangifera, which is comprised of over 30 diverse varieties of tropical fruiting trees.

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