What Is Pine Nut?
Pine trees, which are members of the family Pinaceae and the genus Pinus, produce nuts that may be eaten. These nuts are called pine nuts. Pine nuts are also known as pión (Spanish: [pion]), pinoli (Italian: [pinli]), pignoli, bondoq (Tunisian: [bndq]), and chilgoza (Urdu:). All of these names are pronounced the same way. There are just 29 species that produce nuts that are edible, and only 20 of those species are commercially traded either locally or globally, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization. This is as a result of the fact that the size of their seeds is sufficiently big to make it profitable to collect them. Even though the seeds of other types of pines may be consumed by humans, their nutritional value is limited because of their lack of size and complexity.
Why We Called Pine Nut?
Pine nuts are the seeds of pine trees and may often be found inside pine cones. They are also referred to as pignoli nuts and pión nuts. There are a few names often used to refer to these nuts. According to study that was carried out at Michigan State University, the majority of pine nuts that are used in the food industry come from trees of the stone pine and pinyon pine species. These particular types of pine trees are responsible for the development of a seed that is larger in size, making it more acceptable for human consumption and making it less difficult to harvest.
Development of Pollen and Seeds:
The amount of time that a pine nut (seed) needs to develop into an adult varies from species to species. In order for the pine tree and its cone to develop to their greatest potential, the surrounding environment must be conducive. Pollination is the first step in the reproductive process for several American plant and animal species, and it takes place in the early spring. From the middle of spring to the end of summer, there will be the formation of a premature cone that is approximately the size of a small marble. After that, the premature cone will fall dormant and stay that way (with growth stopping) until the next spring. The cone will then start growing, and it will continue to develop until it achieves full maturity by the end of summer.
The green pion pine cone won’t start to open for harvesting for another ten days after the mature cone has reached its full size. When a cone is ready to be harvested, it is placed in a sack made of burlap and then subjected to a heat source such as the sun to begin the drying process. It will be around 20 days until the cone completely opens up. After it has completely opened up and become dry, the seed may be retrieved in a variety of simple methods. The most frequent and practical technique of extraction is accomplished by repeatedly pounding a burlap bag that is holding the cone(s) against a rough surface. This causes the cone(s) to shatter, which leaves the task of manually separating the seed from the residue that is contained inside the bag as the only remaining step. The pion pine may also be harvested after the cone has opened on the tree (since it will do so of its own accord) by waiting until the cone opens on the tree and then collecting the cone from the pion pine.
Benefits Of Pine Nuts?
Because of the protein, iron, and magnesium that they contain, pine nuts have been shown to boost one’s energy levels. Vitamin E, which has powerful antioxidant properties, is found in these foods, and may help your skin maintain its youthful look and health.
Consuming pine nuts and other types of seeds and nuts on a daily basis may also help lower the chance of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease. This advantage may be attributable to the sort of lipids that are often seen in seeds and nuts.
Pine Nut Nutrition:
- Calories: 191
- Fat: 19g
- Sodium: 0.6mg
- Carbohydrates: 3.7g
- Fiber: 1.1g
- Sugars: 1g
- Protein: 3.9g
- Magnesium: 71mg
- Zinc: 1.8mg
- Iron: 1.6mg
- Manganese: 2.5mg
- Vitamin E: 2.6mg
- Vitamin K: 15.3mcg
Pine Nuts Boosts Brain Health:
The prevention of cognitive decline is one of the many reasons why omega-3 fatty acids are advantageous to brain health, as shown by a number of studies. They reduce the severity of depressive symptoms and the risk of acquiring dementia. Pine nuts are an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids, which are known to have beneficial effects on the brain. Therefore, eating pine nuts is essential for elderly persons who want to protect themselves against age-related cognitive decline. In addition, pine nuts are a wonderful source of the mineral iron, which not only assists in the preservation of healthy brain tissue, but also assists in the storage of oxygen and the distribution of oxygen throughout the body.
Where Do Pine Nuts Grow In Pakistan?
Pine nut trees may be found in the northern and southwestern provinces of Pakistan known respectively as Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan. These provinces include the northern regions of Gilgit-Baltistan and Kashmir. The tree is strong and tall, and it is able to withstand extreme conditions such as prolonged drought, powerful winds, and harsh winter temperatures.
The gathering of pine nuts starts in the month of September. The residents of the area gather the green cones that hang from the trees and lay them out in the open air to allow the sun to dry them for more than two weeks. Depending on the size of the cone, there are anywhere from 15 to 20 pine nuts inside of it. After that, it is put through a machine that grades the product’s quality so that it may be sold on the market; consumers often consume the nuts either raw or roasted.
Pine nut production in Pakistan ranges from 3,500 to 4,000 metric tons per year and accounts for around 15 percent of the world’s total. Chilgoza trees make up approximately 20 percent of Pakistan’s forest cover. The most majority of them, however, are sent off to markets in China, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Europe. The district of Diamer in Great Britain is one of the most important producers of pine nuts in the nation.
Chilgoza Benefits For Males And Females:
Pine nuts, often known as chilgoza, are a tasty snack. They include beneficial nutrients including protein and antioxidants and are rich in healthy monounsaturated fats. Pine nuts are a good source of minerals including potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, and a modest quantity of calcium, zinc, and manganese, and they also include the vital vitamins B1, B2, and C. The testosterone-boosting properties of pine nuts. The high zinc content of these foods has been linked to improved testosterone production and sexual performance in men.
Including nutrient-dense chilgoza in your diet aids in weight reduction, reduces the risk of heart disease, and helps decrease cholesterol. In addition, eating chilgoza may aid your body in its battle against illnesses.
Chilgoza Benefits for Male
Pine nuts and chilgoza are two foods that should be included into the diet of males. Zinc is present in enough amounts in Chilgoza, which boosts sperm counts and makes them more mobile, both of which are necessary for conception. Zinc is beneficial because it strengthens the immune system, has been shown to hasten the healing of wounds, and reduces the likelihood of contracting the common cold regularly.
Chilgoza Benefits for Female
The Chilgoza pine nut has a high concentration of vitamin E—9.33 milligrams per 100 grams—making it an excellent source of the vitamin. Vitamin E also goes by the name alpha-tocopherol, and it plays a role in keeping the skin hydrated.
Pine nuts from Chilgoza contain around 24 percent protein, which prevents muscles from becoming fatigued.Consuming this nut on a regular basis will help to reduce the likelihood of experiencing aches and pains in the muscles.
Lysine is a kind of protein that is responsible for regulating blood pressure levels. Because pine nuts are a rich source of the amino acid lysine, hypertension may be avoided by eating a diet that includes Chilgoza pine nuts on a regular basis.
Physical Characteristics Of Pine Nut:
Depending on the species, the seeds may have a thin or thick hard shell (seed coat) when they are initially removed from the pine cone. The central embryo (sporophyte) is where all the food stores are. Pine nuts are technically seeds rather than nuts since they come from a gymnosperm and so lack an outer carpel (fruit). Pine nuts are edible only once their shells have been cracked. Shelled nuts (and unshelled nuts in warm settings) decay fast, turning rancid within a few weeks or even days in warm, humid conditions; however, unshelled pine nuts have a long shelf life if kept dry and refrigerated (5 to 2 °C or 23 to 36 °F). Pine nuts are sold commercially in their shelled state, although they may already be rancid or lack taste if they were improperly stored. In order to maintain their taste, pine nuts are often frozen.
Pine nuts from Europe are longer and thinner than their Asian counterparts, which are more like long kernels of corn in form. Large in size and simple to crack, American pion nuts are a popular snack. Pinus edulis, the hard shell of New Mexico and Colorado, gained popularity in the United States as a result of the Navajo people’s usage of the nuts as currency in the trading post system. Immigrants carried the Italian pine nut (P. pinea) to the United States, where it quickly became a popular snack throughout the East Coast in the early 1930s, thanks to abundant and cheap American pine nuts.