Contraception: Types, Advantages & Disadvantages


Contraception, otherwise called anti-conception medication, alludes to the strategies and procedures used to forestall pregnancy. It includes the utilization of different gadgets, meds, or practices to impede the course of origination or preparation purposefully.

The essential objective of contraception is to empower people and couples to plan and space pregnancies. As per their own conditions and inclinations.

It permits them to have command over their conceptive wellbeing. Settle on informed conclusions about family arranging, and stay away from accidental pregnancies.

Types of Contraception

There are a few kinds of contraception accessible, each with its own qualities, benefits, and contemplations.

Here are probably the most well-known sorts of contraception:

1. Barrier Methods

  • Male condoms: These are sheaths made of plastic, polyurethane, or regular materials that are worn over the penis to keep sperm from entering the vagina.
  • Female condoms: These are pockets made of polyurethane or nitrile that are embedded into the vagina to give a hindrance among sperm and the cervix.
  • Stomachs and cervical covers: These are adaptable, arch molded gadgets that are embedded into the vagina to cover the cervix and keep sperm from entering.

2. Hormonal Methods

  • Anti-conception medication pills: These are oral contraceptives containing manufactured chemicals (estrogen and progestin) that forestall ovulation and thicken cervical bodily fluid.
  • Hormonal patches: These are cement patches containing chemicals (estrogen and progestin) that are applied to the skin and delivery chemicals into the circulatory system.
  • Hormonal infusions: Progestin-based contraceptives are infused into the muscle like clockwork to forestall ovulation.
  • Hormonal inserts: Little, adaptable bars or cases containing chemicals (progestin) are embedded under the skin, giving long haul contraception to quite a while.
  • Hormonal intrauterine gadgets (IUDs): T-molded gadgets embedded into the uterus discharge chemicals (progestin) over a lengthy period, forestalling pregnancy.

3. Intrauterine Devices (IUDs)

  • Copper IUD: This sort of IUD discharges copper into the uterus, which establishes a climate harmful to sperm, forestalling preparation.
  • Hormonal IUD: This sort of IUD discharges chemicals (progestin) that thicken cervical bodily fluid and restrain sperm development.

4. Fertility Awareness-Based Methods

  • Following periods: Observing the monthly cycle to distinguish fruitful and non-rich days.
  • Basal internal heat level technique: Following the body’s resting temperature to distinguish the hour of ovulation.
  • Cervical bodily fluid technique: Noticing changes in cervical bodily fluid consistency to decide fruitfulness.

5. Emergency Contraception

  • Crisis prophylactic pills: Otherwise called a “next day contraceptive,” these pills contain chemicals (levonorgestrel) that forestall or postpone ovulation.
  • Copper IUD: The copper IUD can likewise be utilized as a crisis preventative by being embedded into the uterus inside a particular time span after unprotected sex.

6. Sterilization

  • Tubal ligation: Otherwise called female cleansing, this surgery includes impeding or fixing the fallopian cylinders to keep eggs from arriving at the uterus.
  • Vasectomy: This surgery includes cutting or hindering the vas deferens, the cylinders that convey sperm from the balls, to keep sperm from arriving at the semen.

It means quite a bit to take note of that the viability and reasonableness of every technique can fluctuate. It’s prescribed to talk with a medical services proficient to decide the most suitable contraception. Choice in light of individual conditions and inclinations.

Advantages & Disadvantages of Contraception

Contraception offers a few benefits and advantages, however it likewise has a few weaknesses and contemplations.

Here are a few normal benefits and weaknesses of contraception:

Advantages of Contraception

  1. Pregnancy anticipation: The essential benefit of contraception is that it permits people and couples to forestall accidental pregnancies, empowering them to have command over their regenerative options and plan pregnancies as indicated by their ideal timing and conditions.
  2. Family arranging: Contraception empowers people and couples to design their families, dispersing pregnancies as wanted. This can help in accomplishing individual, instructive, and vocation objectives, as well as guaranteeing the general prosperity of guardians and kids.
  3. Medical advantages: A few types of contraception, like hormonal techniques, can give extra medical advantages. For instance, anti-conception medication pills can direct periods, decrease feminine agony and issues, and lower the gamble of specific tumors (e.g., ovarian and endometrial disease).
  4. Sexual independence and closeness: Contraception permits people and couples to appreciate sexual closeness without the steady concern of accidental pregnancy. It improves sexual independence and can add to a better and really fulfilling sexual relationship.
  5. Therapy of ailments: Certain hormonal contraceptives can assist with overseeing different ailments, for example, polycystic ovary disorder (PCOS), endometriosis, and feminine abnormalities.

Disadvantages of Contraception

  1. Aftereffects: A few types of contraception can cause secondary effects, for example, queasiness, migraines, bosom delicacy, mind-set changes, or unpredictable dying. These secondary effects can differ from one individual to another and may determine over the long run.
  2. Wellbeing gambles: Hormonal contraceptives, especially joined oral contraceptives, convey a little gamble of possibly serious unexpected problems, for example, blood clusters, stroke, coronary failure, or hypertension. Notwithstanding, the general gamble is for the most part low, and medical services suppliers cautiously assess people for potential gamble factors prior to endorsing hormonal contraceptives.
  3. Viability: While contraception is exceptionally compelling when utilized accurately and reliably, no technique is 100 percent idiot proof. The adequacy can shift contingent upon the strategy utilized and the singular’s adherence to legitimate utilization directions.
  4. Openness and moderateness: A few techniques for contraception might be less open or reasonable for specific people or populaces, contingent upon elements like geological area, monetary requirements, or medical care access. Admittance to contraception is pivotal for conceptive wellbeing and ought to be addressed to guarantee impartial accessibility.
  5. Insurance against physically communicated diseases (STIs): Most preventative techniques don’t give assurance against STIs. Just boundary techniques, like condoms, give some level of assurance. In this manner, if forestalling STIs is a worry, extra measures, for example, condom use, ought to be thought of.
  6. Individual inclinations and individual contrasts: The most appropriate contraception technique can shift among people because of individual inclinations, way of life, clinical history, and individual wellbeing needs. It might take an experimentation to find the technique that turns out best for every individual.

It’s critical to talk with a medical services supplier to examine the benefits, hindrances, and contemplations of various contraception strategies. This will assist people with pursuing informed choices in view of their particular conditions and needs.

Effectiveness of Contraception

The viability of contraception fluctuates relying upon the particular strategy utilized and how reliably and accurately it is utilized. Preventative strategies are commonly ordered into two classifications in regards to their adequacy: normal use and wonderful use.

  1. Common use viability: This alludes to the adequacy of a prophylactic strategy when utilized by the normal individual, considering human blunder, conflicting or inaccurate use, and different variables.
  2. Wonderful use viability: This alludes to the viability of a preventative technique when utilized accurately and reliably, adhering to all directions and rules unequivocally.

Here are a few normally utilized prophylactic techniques and their commonplace use and wonderful use viability rates:

Hormonal patches

  • Typical use: 91%
  • Perfect use: 99%

Birth control pills

  • Typical use: 91%
  • Perfect use: 99%

Hormonal implants

  • Typical use: Less than 1 pregnancy per 100 users over the course of one year (0.05%)
  • Perfect use: Less than 1 pregnancy per 100 users over the course of one year (0.05%)

Copper IUD

  • Typical use: Less than 1 pregnancy per 100 users over the course of one year (0.8%)
  • Perfect use: Less than 1 pregnancy per 100 users over the course of one year (0.8%)

Hormonal IUD

  • Typical use: Less than 1 pregnancy per 100 users over the course of one year (0.1%)
  • Perfect use: Less than 1 pregnancy per 100 users over the course of one year (0.1%)

Male condoms

  • Typical use: 82%
  • Perfect use: 98%

Hormonal injections

  • Typical use: 94%
  • Perfect use: 99%

Female condoms

  • Typical use: 79%
  • Perfect use: 95%

Diaphragms and cervical caps:

  • Typical use: 85%
  • Perfect use: 94%

It’s essential to take note of that these insights are general gauges and can change relying upon individual elements and adherence to address use. Also, the adequacy rates referenced here may not represent factors. Like technique disappointment, client mistake, or conflicting use over a drawn out period.


What is the best method of contraception?

The best strategy for contraception fluctuates for every individual in light of elements like clinical history, way of life, individual inclinations, and explicit necessities. It’s vital to talk with a medical care supplier to decide the most reasonable technique for you.

Can contraception protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs)?

Most prophylactic strategies don’t give assurance against STIs. Just obstruction techniques, like condoms (male and female), can give some level of assurance. To forestall STIs, it’s prescribed to utilize boundary techniques reliably and accurately, notwithstanding contraception.

Can I get pregnant immediately after stopping contraception?

The capacity to imagine subsequent to halting contraception can change contingent upon the technique utilized. A few techniques, like hormonal strategies, may require a couple of months for fruitfulness to get back to business as usual.

Be that as it may, fruitfulness can return right away or soon after halting different techniques, like obstruction strategies. Talking about this with your medical care supplier for customized information is prudent.

Can I use contraception while breastfeeding?

Indeed, there are prophylactic techniques that are protected to use while breastfeeding. Hormonal strategies like progestin-just pills, hormonal IUDs, and certain prophylactic inserts are viewed as protected choices.

It’s prescribed to talk with your medical services supplier to decide the most fitting strategy while breastfeeding.

Can contraception cause weight gain?

A few hormonal prophylactic strategies, for example, certain conception prevention pills, might be related with weight gain in certain people. Be that as it may, the proof is blended, and weight gain is definitely not a surefire secondary effect. In the event that weight gain is a worry, examine elective choices with your medical services supplier.

Can contraception affect fertility in the long term?

For most preventative techniques, richness gets back to business as usual after cessation. A few strategies, like hormonal infusions, may create a transitory setback for fruitfulness return. In any case, there is no proof to propose that contraception influences ripeness in the long haul.

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